Substitutes & Tips

Ingredient

Amount

Substitute

1 cup

4-5 tbsps nonfat dry milk powder plus enough water to make 1 cup OR 1/2 cup evaporated milk plus 1/2 cup water

1 cup

1 cup soy milk OR 1 cup rice milk OR 1 cup water or juice OR 1/3 cup dry milk powder plus 1 cup water OR 2/3 cup evaporated milk plus 1/3 cup water

1/4 cup chopped

1 tbsp dried mint leaves

1 cup

mix together 3/4 cup brown sugar and 1 tsp cream of tartar OR 1 cup sugar (in recipe omit baking soda, use baking powder) OR 1 cup of sorghum syrup and reduce amount of sugar in recipe by 1/3

4 ounces

2 cups sliced fresh OR 6 tbsps whole dried mushrooms

1 pound (2 cups)

2-3 cups whole OR 5 cups sliced OR one 10-ounce can

1 tsp

1 tbsp prepared mustard OR 1/2 tsp mustard seeds

1 tbsp

mix together 1 tbsp dried mustard, 1 tsp water, 1 tsp vinegar and 1 tsp sugar

1 tsp

1/2 tsp EITHER cinnamon, ginger, mace, allspice OR cloves

1 cup, chopped

1 cup chopped green onions OR 1 cup chopped shallots OR 1 cup chopped leeks OR 1/4 cup dried minced onion OR 1/4 cup onion powder

1 tbsp

1 medium onion, chopped OR 4 tbsps fresh chopped onion

1 tbsp

1 tbsp other citrus juice

1 tbsp

1/2 tsp orange extract OR 1 tsp lemon juice

1/2 cup, grated

1/2 cup grated Asiago cheese OR Romano cheese

1 tbsp chopped

1 tbsp chopped fresh chervil OR 1 tsp dried parsley

1 ounce

1 ounce salami

2 tbsps

1 tbsp dried red bell pepper, rehydrated OR 3 tbsps fresh red bell pepper, chopped

1 tsp

1/2 tsp cinnamon, 1/4 tsp ginger, 1/8 tsp allspice, and 1/8 tsp nutmeg

1 cup

1 cup dried currants OR 1 cup dried cranberries OR 1 cup chopped pitted prunes

1 cup, cooked

1 cup cooked barley OR bulgur OR brown rice OR wild rice

1 cup

1 cup dry cottage cheese OR 1 cup silken tofu

Rum

1 tbsp

1/2 tsp rum extract plus enough water to make 1 tbsp

1/4 tsp

1/4 tsp turmeric

1 cup

1 cup chocolate candies OR 1 cup peanut butter or other flavored chips OR 1 cup chopped nuts OR 1 cup chopped dried fruit

1/2 cup

1/2 cup chopped onion OR leek OR green onion

1/4 cup

1/4 cup of EITHER orange juice, pineapple juice or peach syrup OR 1-1/2 tsp vanilla extract

1 cup

1 cup cooking oil

1 cup

1 cup butter OR 1 cup margarine minus 1/2 tsp salt from recipe OR 1 cup minus 2 tbsps lard

1 cup

1 cup plain yogurt OR 1 tbsp lemon juice or vinegar plus enough cream to make 1 cup OR 3/4 cup buttermilk mixed with 1/3 cup butter

1 cup

1 tbsp vinegar or lemon juice mixed with enough milk to make 1 cup; let stand 5 minutes to thicken

1/2 cup

4 tbsps Worcestershire sauce mixed with 1 tbsp water

1 cup

1 cube beef or chicken bouillon dissolved in 1 cup water

1 cup packed

1 cup granulated white sugar

1 cup

1-1/2 cups corn syrup (decrease liquid in recipe by 1/4 cup) OR 1-1/3 cups molasses (decrease liquid in recipe by 1/3 cup) OR 1-1/4 cup powdered sugar OR 1 cup brown sugar, packed OR 3/4 cup honey (decrease liquid in recipe by 1/4 cup; for each cup of honey used, add 1/2 tsp baking soda)

1 cup

combine 7/8 cup granulated sugar and 1 tbsp cornstarch and whirl in blender for few seconds

1 cup

1/2 cup tomato sauce plus 1/4 cup water OR 3/4 cup water plus 2 oz. tomato paste plus 1/4 tsp salt

8 ounces

2/3 cup water plus 1/3 cup tomato paste

1 pound

3 medium tomatoes OR 3/4 cup sauce (6 oz.) OR 1/4 cup tomato paste (2 oz.)

1 tsp

1 inch vanilla bean, split & simmered in liquid of recipe

1 cup

1 cup applesauce OR 1 cup fruit puree