Substitutes & Tips

Ingredient

Amount

Substitute

3 heads

1 tbsp dill weed

Egg

1 large (3 tbsps)

2-1/2 tbsp of powdered egg substitute plus 2-1/2 tbsps water OR 1/4 cup liquid egg substitute OR 1/4 cup silken tofu pureed OR 3 tbsp mayonnaise OR 1/2 banana mashed with 1/2 tsp baking powder OR 2 yolks plus 1 tbsp water (for cookies) OR 2 yolks (for custards or cream fillings) OR 2 egg whites

1 egg

1/4 cup applesauce

1 large (2 tbsps)

2 tsps thawed frozen egg whites OR 2 tbsps sifted dry egg white powder plus 2 tbsps warm water

1 yolk (1-1/2 tbsps)

3-1/2 tbsps thawed frozen egg yolk OR 2 tbsps sifted dried egg yolk

1 cup

1 cup light cream

1 cup

1 cup applesauce OR 1 cup fruit puree

1 cup

1 cup whole wheat flour

1 cup

1 cup all-purpose flour plus 1 tsp wheat gluten

1 cup

1 cup all-purpose flour minus 2 tbsps

1 cup

7/8 cup all-purpose flour plus 1-1/2 tsps baking powder and 1/2 tsp salt

1-1/2 cups

16 oz. can, drained

1 clove

1/8 tsp garlic powder OR 1/2 tsp granulated garlic OR 1/2 tsp garlic salt (reduce salt in recipe) OR 1 tsp chopped garlic OR 1/2 tsp minced garlic

1 tbsp, granulated

2 tsps agar powder

3 ounces

1 tbsp gelatin plus 2 cups fruit juice

1 tsp

2 tsps chopped fresh ginger

1 tsp, minced

1/2 tsp ground dried ginger

2 tbsps

2 tbsps orange juice and 1/2 tsp orange extract

1/2 cup, chopped

1/2 cup chopped onion OR 1/2 cup chopped leek OR 1/2 cup chopped shallots

1 cup whole

1 cup macadamia nuts OR 1 cup almonds

1 tbsp chopped

1 tsp chopped dried herbs

8 ounces

8 ounces sardines

1 cup

1-1/4 cup white sugar plus 1/3 cup water OR 1 cup corn syrup OR 1 cup sorghum syrup OR 1 cup sorghum molasses

1 tsp

3/4 tsp cayenne pepper plus 1 tsp vinegar

1-1/2 tsp

1/4 tsp EACH dried oregano, dried marjoram leaves, and dried basil leaves PLUS 1/8 tsp rubbed dried sage

1 cup

1 cup tomato sauce plus 1 tsp vinegar plus 1 tbsp sugar

1/4 cup

1/4 cup syrup or juices from EITHER cherries, raspberries, boysenberries, currant or cider

1 cup

1 cup shortening OR 7/8 cup vegetable oil OR 1 cup butter

2 fresh stalks

1 tbsp lemon zest

1 tsp

1/2 tsp lemon extract OR 2 tbsps lemon juice

1 tsp

1 tsp vinegar OR 1 tsp white wine OR 1 tsp lemon juice

1 tsp

1 tsp lemon zest

1 cup

1 cup almonds OR 1 cup hazelnuts

1 tsp

1 tsp nutmeg OR 1 tsp allspice

1/2 cup

1 cup maple syrup OR 1 tbsp white sugar

3/4 cup

3/4 cup maple-flavored syrup or corn syrup OR 1 cup sugar and increase liquid in recipe by 3 tbsps OR 3/4 cup sorghum syrup or sorghum molasses

1 cup

1 cup shortening plus 1/2 tsp salt OR 1 cup butter OR 7/8 cup vegetable oil plus 1/2 tsp salt OR 7/8 cup lard plus 1/2 tsp salt

1 cup

8-10 regular size marshmallows

1

1 cup sour cream OR 1 cup plain yogurt OR 1 cup cottage cheese, pureed

1 can

1 cup plus 2 tbsps dry milk powder plus 1/2 cup waterm water plus 3/4 cup sugar and 3 tbsps melted butter; stir until smooth. OR heat 1/3 cup plus 2 tbsps evaporated milk plus 1 cup sugar and 3 tbsps butter until butter is melted and sugar dissolved.