Substitutes & Tips

Ingredient

Amount

Substitute

1 tsp

1/2 tsp cinnamon, 1/4 tsp ginger, and 1/4 tsp cloves OR 1/2 tsp ground cinnamon plus 1/2 tsp ground cloves

2 tbsp

1/4 to 1/2 tsp almond extract

1 tsp

1/2 tsp cinnamon plus 1/4 tsp nutmeg, 1/8 tsp allspice and 1/8 tsp cardamon, ginger or cloves

1 tsp

1 tbsp flour OR 1 tsp cornstarch

1 tsp

1/4 tsp baking soda plus 1/2 tsp cream of tartar OR 1/4 tsp baking soda plus 1/2 cup buttermilk (decrease liquid in recipe by 1/2 cup)

1 whole

1/4 tsp crushed bayleaf

1 cup

1 cup chicken broth

1 cup

1 cup all-purpose flour, 1-1/2 tsps baking powder, 1/2 tsp salt and 1 tbsp vegetable shortening

1/4 cup

1 tsp imitation brandy extract plus enough water to make 1/4 cup

1 cup

1 cup cracker crumbs OR 1 cup matzo meal OR 1 cup ground oats

1 cup

1 bouillon cube dissolved in 1 cup boiling water OR 1 tbsp soy sauce plus enough water to make 1 cup OR 1 cup vegetable broth

1 cup, packed

1 cup white sugar plus 1/4 cup molasses (and decrease liquid in recipe by 1/4 cup) OR 1 cup white sugar OR 1 and 1/4 cups confectioners' sugar

1 cup

1 cup margarine OR 1 cup shortening plus 1/2 tsp salt OR 7/8 cup vegetable oil plus 1/2 tsp salt OR 7/8 cup lard plus 1/2 tsp salt

1 cup

1 cup shortening OR 7/8 cup vegetable oil OR 7/8 cup lard

1 cup

1 cup plain yogurt OR 1 tbsp lemon juice or vinegar plus enough milk to make 1 cup OR 1 cup milk plus 1-3/4 tsp cream of tartar

1 tsp

1/2 tsp of EITHER cinnamon, nutmeg, ginger, coriander seeds OR mace

1 cup

1 cup ginger ale

1 cup shredded

1 cup shredded Colby cheddar OR 1 cup shredded Monterey Jack cheese

1 tbsp chopped fresh

1 tbsp chopped fresh parsley

1 tbsp

1 cup canned or homemade chicken broth or stock (reduce liquid in recipe by 1 cup)

2 tbsp

2 tsps green onion tops, finely chopped

1 ounce

1 (1 ounce) square of unsweetened chocolate plus 4 tsps sugar OR 1 ounce semisweet chocolate chips plus 1 tsp shortening

1 ounce

3 tbsp unsweeted cocoa plus 1 tbsp shortening or vegetable oil

1/4 cup

1 ounce square unsweetened chocolate

1 cup

1 cup whipping cream OR 1 cup half-and-half plus 1/4 tsp coconut extract

1 cup

1 cup whole milk plus 1 tsp coconut extract OR 3 tbsp canned cream of coconut plus hot water or warm low-fat milk to make 1 cup

1/4 cup

1/4 cup juice from EITHER peach, apricot OR pear

1 tbsp

2 tbsps all-purpose flour OR 2 tsp quick tapioca

1 cup

1-1/4 cup white sugar plus 1/3 cup water OR 1 cup honey OR 1 cup light treacle syrup

1 cup

3/4 cup light corn syrup plus 1/4 cup light molasses

1 cup

7/8 cup plain cornmeal, 1-1/2 tbsp baking powder, and 1/2 tsp salt

1 cup

1 cup farmers cheese OR 1 cup ricotta cheese

1 cup

1 cup dry bread crumbs OR 1 cup matzo meal OR 1 cup ground oats

1 cup

7/8 cup milk plus 1 tbsp melted butter

1 cup

1 cup evaporated milk, undiluted OR 3/4 cup milk plus 1/3 cup butter or margarine (for baking)

1 cup

1 cup evaporated milk OR 3/4 cup milk plus 3 tbsps butter (for baking)

1 cup

1 cup frozen whipped topping, thawed OR chill a 13 ounce can of evaporated milk until ice crystals form; add 1 tsp lemon juice and whip until stiff

1 cup

1 cup pureed cottage cheese OR 1 cup plain yogurt (strained overnight in a cheesecloth)

1 tsp

2 tsps lemon juice or vinegar

1 cup

Combine 1 cup of heavy cream and 1 tbsp of plain yogurt OR 1/2 cup each of sour cream and whipping cream OR 1 cup whipping cream and 3 tbsp buttermilk. Let stand for 6 hours at room temperature.